Focus Report 2014

This publication is intended to provide detailed monitoring of developments in the field of national public policyassociated with the protection of human rights defenders around the world. Available in English, Spanish and French

Since 2008, with its FOCUS Global ObservatoryProtection International (PI) has specialised in researching, systematising and disseminating good practice and lessons learned in the field of public policy and legal instruments for the protection of HRDs, in addition to the permanent monitoring of the situation in several countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia in which this kind of policy has been implemented or where efforts exist to pass legislation. The fruit of this work is PI's Focus Report: in its second year running, this publication  is intended to provide detailed monitoring of developments in the field of national public policy associated with the protection of Human Rights Defenders (HRDs) around the world. This year's 2014 edition of Focus highlights the renewed interest in adopting legal instruments for the protection if HRDs in Latin America (in Honduras and Guatemala) and in Sub-Saharan Africa (in Côte d’Ivoire, Burundi and Mali). Have a look at Focus 2014 Report below and download it here

PI hopes to draw attention to the recent publication of guidelines on the protection of HRDs by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)’s Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). We believe, furthermore, that the work of several Latin American civil society organisations (CSOs) that have presented cases concerning murdered HRDs before the regional mechanisms has been of great value. These efforts have led to the development of jurisprudence by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) that favours the development by states of public policies for the protection of HRDs. Finally, we are pleased to have been able to include in this edition contributions by external collaborators whose association with the subject and authority in the field is widely recognised.  This is the case of the Preface, prepared by Michel Forst, the recently appointed UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders; an analysis of advances in the field of protection in the Americas, by Jesús Orozco H., President of the Inter-American Commission of Human Rights (IACHR) and Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders; an overview of the topic in Africa by Reine Alapini Gansou, the Commissioner and Special Rapporteur on Human Rights Defenders of the African Commission for Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR); and contributions by representatives of local CSOs in Mexico, Colombia and Brazil, countries that have pioneered the effective implementation of public policies for the protection of HRDs. We trust that this report will be of interest to HRDs, CSOs and governments involved in the protection of HRDs. Similarly, we hope to contribute to, and enrich, the discussions on the adoption of appropriate policies in countries where they do not exist and to help authorities and civil society organisations implement them where they do.  



Focus 2014 - Public policies for the protection of HRDs