It states the importance of civil society, and human rights defenders’ work to protect and promote human rights and the role they play in monitoring and evaluating State parties’ compliance with the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights
According to the CESCR “ States parties should respect and protect the work of human rights defenders and other members of civil society (…) ” HRDs often face risks and threats as a consequence of their work. In 2015, the current Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders identified those working to defend economic, social, and cultural rights as one of the most at-risk groups of defenders
The Committee reminds State parties of their responsibility to ensure that human rights defenders are effectively protected against any forms of abuse, violence, and reprisal that they might experience while carrying out their work to promote the realization of these rights.
The specific measures that States should adopt to safeguard the work of human rights defenders are dependent on national circumstances. The Committee, however, emphasizes that the following measures are of crucial importance:
(i) public recognition, by the highest State authorities, of the importance and legitimacy of the work of defenders, and a commitment that no violence or threats against them will be tolerated
(ii) repeal of any State legislation or elimination of any measures that are intended to penalize or obstruct the work of defenders;
(iii) strengthening of State institutions responsible for safeguarding the work of defenders;
(iv) investigation and punishment of any form of violence or threat against defenders;
(v) adoption and implementation of programs, in consultation with potential beneficiaries, that are well-resourced and have inbuilt coordination mechanisms which ensure that adequate protection measures are provided to defenders at risk whenever necessary.
Read the full statement here